Gemstones, Birthstones, Gemstone Jewelry

Loose Gemstones

 

What are Gemstones?

A gemstone if defined exactly is a brilliant creation of nature in the harshest of the conditions. A stone, which looks so mesmerizing and brilliant, is not necessarily be so radiant in its rough state. In fact, it looks like a piece of rock, which in most cases is dull and unappealing.

So what makes these stones so beautiful? Let us learn about the journey of these gemstones straight from the earthís crust.

Gemstones are mineral crystals that form in different environmental conditions. Some stones like diamonds face extreme pressure and temperature while others could be a result of some unimaginable chemical reactions. Each stone has a definite crystal structure based on which these gemstones are categorized in different mineral families. The division is also based on few other specific characters like the chemical composition.

Therefore, when we say sapphires and rubies are from corundum or emeralds and aquamarines are form beryl, it means they have various common traits that make them a family. Isnít that sounds interesting?

The formation of a gemstone is not a matter of just few years but it actually takes thousands and millions of years to become a perfect rock. Therefore, what we are enjoying today as a beautiful gemstone necklace or that engagement ring is actually created some millions of years ago.

For civilizations, man has been mining these rocks, cutting, and polishing them to create the finest of the adornments. He called them gemstones. Colorful and brilliant, gemstones are valued so much for their beauty, rarity and durability. A perfect combination of these three traits can trigger the value of any gemstones.

Gemstone Beauty

The beauty of a gemstone can be defined as their exclusive visual appeal. The lovely play of light and colors, astounding shapes and eye-pleasing clarity together elevates the beauty of a rock. Look at a diamond and you will understand why it is valued so much. Its ability to reflect light is amazing. Similarly, the beauty of a sapphire or any colored stone lies greatly lies in its color.

Gemstone Durability

Gemstones are for ages. They are a possession for generations and civilizations. Therefore, they are required to be durable. By durability we means the strength of any gemstone to withstand any environmental change, physical harm or any change that could alter the beauty of the stone. Often hard gemstones like diamonds, sapphires and rubies are more valued than other gems because of their hardness. While diamonds are the hardest gemstones on the planet, the latter two are only next to diamonds in hardness.

Gemstone Rarity

Finding gemstones is not easy. Many stones such as tanzanite are extremely rare that means they are not abundant in their natural form and it is very difficult to find the material that is hidden somewhere within the earth crust.

Gemstone 4Csí

Other than the above mentioned traits 4Cís of a stone along with its history defines its value.

The four Cís of a stone are its color, clarity, cut and carat. A perfect combination of all these with a long told history makes a gem so aspiring and astonishing.

White diamonds have a different grading system from all other colored gemstones. Their color is graded on a D to Z scale while colored stones are graded based on pale to intense and deep color ranges.

Clarity of a stone refers to its lack of inclusions. The lesser the inclusions, the better the stone. Such gems are more valued as they are not required to undergo any treatment to conceal the flaws.

A perfect cut can greatly elevate the quality and value of a stone. It can enhance the color and improves the clarity. The weight of a gem significantly adds weight to its value. Large stones with good quality are often highly priced.